Talk To A Bankruptcy Lawyer
Need professional help? Start here.
Tax Debt In Chapter 7 Bankruptcy
With Chapter 7 bankruptcy, known as straight bankruptcy, things are more straightforward. If you meet the five criteria defined above, then the tax debt gets discharged. The discharge will also include penalties and interest generated by that debt.
If the tax debt doesnt meet those criteria, then it and any penalties generated from it will not be discharged. You can still file for bankruptcy and have your other debts discharged, but you will still owe those taxes and must repay them.
What Else Can I Do If I Owe The Cra Money
While CRA debt forgiveness through insolvency will provide the most relief and eliminate a considerable portion of what you owe, there are reasons you may not want to pursue them. Under most circumstances, there is no reason for your employer to know that you have filed for bankruptcy, but if you work in certain professions that require you to have a security clearance, responsibility for an organizations or clients finances, or if you work in a bonded profession, you may not be able to file bankruptcy. Bankruptcy and consumer proposals will also both appear on your credit report for several years after you have been discharged, which can make it harder to qualify for another loan down the line.
You also have a debt consolidation option such as a debt consolidation loan, but you should proceed with caution. With a debt consolidation loan, you borrow money in order to pay off other unsecured debts such as the CRA, for example. Ideally, the new loan offers a lower interest rate than the original, so not only do you make a single monthly payment, but the debt will ultimately be cheaper.
This is where it can become difficult. Sometimes debt consolidation loans offer lower initial interest rates that increase after a year if the balance hasnt paid off. It can also be harder to negotiate with another lender than the CRA, which offers ways to negotiate payment plans outside of debt relief.
You May Like: What Is A Bankruptcy Petition Preparer
Does Bankruptcy Clear Tax Debt
You can clear or discharge tax debt if you fulfill the conditions listed above and the debt is for income tax.
Penalties on taxes that are dischargeable are also eligible for discharge. After the discharge of tax liability, you will no longer be responsible for paying the taxes and the IRS may not garnish your wages or bank accounts.
Has The Taxpayer Refrained From Any Willful Attempt To Evade Or Defeat The Tax Debt At Issue
Likewise, willful attempts to evade or defeat a tax liability bars the discharge of the tax debt. 11 U.S.C. § 523.
The devil is always in the details this is a broad overview of a complex area of law. If you need help working through whether a bankruptcy would alleviate a tax problem, or have questions regarding tax debt within a bankruptcy, contact the experienced bankruptcy attorneys at Essex Richards today.
Heather Culp is an attorney with Essex Richards in Charlotte.
Browse by Category
You May Like: Can Bankruptcy Wipe Out A Judgement
Qualifications For Discharging Income Tax Debt By Filing For Bankruptcy
Take advantage of your free consultation with Milwaukee area bankruptcy attorney Steven R. McDonald to learn about your best options for a fresh start.
Irs Collections During Bankruptcy Proceedings
Filing bankruptcy provides you with certain protections from the collection practices of creditors and the IRS. Normally, the government has a greater power than most other creditors to seize your property in order to pay back tax debt. When you successfully file bankruptcy, you should be able to put a stop to the collection efforts for a period of time.
There are several cases where the government can continue to actively pursue collections, even after filing bankruptcy. One example is a tax lien. If the IRS had a tax lien on your property before you filed, youd still be required to pay off the amount stipulated by the lien before youre able to sell that property. A second example is if you continue failing to pay taxes after filing bankruptcy. The IRS can engage in collective action to recover new tax debts that you acquire during the bankruptcy process.
Its important to keep making payments on any debts that are not covered specifically in your bankruptcy filing.
It should be noted that bankruptcy is not the only way to settle your debts. The IRS is often willing to come to a settlement with you outside of court to set up a repayment plan that you can afford. When looking for this kind of compromise, youd be prudent to seek the help of a seasoned bankruptcy attorney, who should be able to negotiate on your behalf adequately.
New Obligations To File Tax Returns
In a further melding of the tax and bankruptcy worlds, the BAPCPA contains several new provisions regarding the filing and disclosure of tax returns.
First, under BC §521 a debtor in Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 must give the trustee a copy of the tax return for the year preceding the year in which the petition is filed. In addition, BC §1308 now requires that no later than the day before the BC §341 hearing in a Chapter 13 the debtor must file all tax returns that were due for the four tax years prior to the year in which the petition is filed. Within limits, the trustee can continue the meeting of creditors to give the delinquent debtor more time to file the returns.
Compliance with the new BC §1308 obligation to file pre-petition returns is coupled with new BC §1325, permitting the Court to confirm a Chapter 13 plan only if the debtor has filed the required pre-petition returns. And in addition to catching up on unfiled returns, the BAPCPA requires that the debtor file post-petition returns by their due dates . Upon a request by the Court, the trustee or a party in interest, the debtor can be required to file with the Court copies of all returns due while the case is pending, including returns required during the life of the Chapter 13 payment plan.
Chapter 7 Vs Chapter 13
Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 are the two most common types of personal bankruptcy.
In a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, a trustee appointed by the bankruptcy court will liquidate many of your assets and use the proceeds to pay your creditors some portion of what you owe them. Certain assets are exempt from liquidation. Those typically include part of the equity in your home and automobile, clothing, any tools you need for your work, pensions, and Social Security benefits.
Your nonexempt assets that can be sold off by the trustee include property , a second car or truck, recreational vehicles, boats, collections or other valuable items, and bank and investment accounts.
In Chapter 7, your debts are typically discharged about four months after you file your bankruptcy petition, according to the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts.
In a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, by contrast, you commit to repaying an agreed-upon portion of your debts over a period of three to five years. As long as you meet the terms of the agreement, you are allowed to keep your otherwise-nonexempt assets. At the end of the period, your remaining debts are discharged.
In general, people with fewer financial resources choose Chapter 7. In fact, to be eligible for Chapter 7, you must submit to a means test, proving that you would be unable to repay your debts. Otherwise, the court may determine that Chapter 13 is your only option.
Read Also: How Many Bankruptcies Has Donald Trump Filed
Tax Debt Help From A New Mexico Bankruptcy Attorney
Chapter 7, Chapter 11, and Chapter 13 bankruptcies all offer options to help you partially or fully discharge your tax debt. If youre considering filing bankruptcy to deal with tax debt that you cant pay, having an experienced bankruptcy lawyer on your side can help you come out with the best chance of recovering in the long term.
Consulting with an attorney can lead you to discover methods outside of bankruptcy to deal with your debt that you may not have considered. If bankruptcy looks like the best choice for you, having a seasoned team of legal advisors on your side will give you the peace of mind you need to focus on the future and boost your chances at financial security later on. Call us at 503-1637 or contact us online to schedule a meeting with an Albuquerque bankruptcy attorney that can help you plan your next steps.
We are a debt relief agency and have practiced bankruptcy law for a combined 50 years. Our services include helping individuals and couples file for bankruptcy relief under the Bankruptcy Code.
Five Rules To Discharge Tax Debts
Dischargeable tax debts must meet five other criteria.
Tax debts are associated with a particular tax return and tax year, and bankruptcy law lays out specific criteria for how old a tax debt must be before it can be discharged.
Tax debt is dischargeable in Chapter 7 bankruptcies if it meets all five of these rules:
- The due date for filing the tax return in question was at least three years ago.
- The tax return was filed at least two years ago.
- The tax assessment is at least 240 days old.
- The tax return was not fraudulent.
- The taxpayer is not guilty of tax evasion.
Apply these criteria to each year’s tax debt to determine whether that year’s unpaid balance is dischargeable through bankruptcy. Some of your debts might be eligible, while others might not.
Read Also: What Is Epiq Bankruptcy Solutions Llc
Can Irs Debt Be Discharged In Chapter 13
Filing for Chapter 13 bankruptcy does not immediately discharge tax debt. First, you must determine if your income tax debt is a priority or nonpriority debt.
Your tax debt is considered nonpriority when it meets the 5 qualifications listed above. Otherwise, it is considered priority and must be paid off over the duration of the 3-5 year repayment period.
You will pay a percentage of your nonpriority tax debt over the course of the repayment period. When you complete the repayment period, the remainder of your nonpriority tax debt is discharged.
Can You File Chapter 7 Against The Irs
One of the most common questions we get is can you file chapter 7 against the IRS, and the answer is often yes. To be able to discharge federal income tax debt, you must qualify based on the conditions mentioned above.
While you can file Chapter 7 for income tax debt, the same strategy will not work for payroll taxes. Additionally, rules on previously unfiled tax returns are not uniform and newer liabilities are unable to be resolved. A Chapter 7 bankruptcy cannot discharge tax liens recorded before filing.
Under this chapter, the debtor will receive an absolute right to discharge all of the debts that are included as part of the bankruptcy. However, taxpayers will not receive an absolute discharge for their tax debts. The following tax debts will not be discharged in a Chapter 7 bankruptcy:
- Tax debts for which no original returns were filed by the taxpayer
- Tax debts for which a return was filed within 2 years of the bankruptcy petition
- Tax debts based on returns that were fraudulently filed
- Tax balances that arose because a taxpayer was found to have willfully attempted to evade their tax responsibility
Other tax debts, including assessed penalties are dischargeable unless the event that gives rise to the penalty occurred within 3 years of the bankruptcy or relates to an underlying tax balance that is not dischargeable.
Chapter 7 is not the only way to handle bankruptcy and taxes with the IRS, so you should consider other chapters before filing.
You May Like: How Much Does It Cost To File Bankruptcy In Wisconsin
You Miscounted The Passage Of Time
Consider whether the mistake might be yours. The bankruptcy discharge doesnt list the debts discharged in your case it simply says that the dischargeable debts are discharged.
The central factor controlling whether the unsecured portion of a tax is discharged is the interval between the assessment of the tax and the filing of the bankruptcy. The calculation can be complicated by prior bankruptcy filings and other events that pause the clock.
What to do? Get an experienced bankruptcy attorney or a tax professional to review whether the tax the IRS wants to collect was really discharged. If it was discharged, go back to court for help from a bankruptcy judge.
Concluding The Tax Debt Debate
We have finally answered the epic question.
Does bankruptcy clear IRS debt?
The answer is, it can. But you need to know the facts in order to make an educated decision.
Take time to educate yourself or consult a professional to decide if bankruptcy is the right choice for you.
We can help you decide if bankruptcy is the right choice for you.
Contact us today for a free consultation!
Ready to secure your financial future? Subscribe Today For Tax Knowledge Tomorrow
You May Like: How Many Bankruptcies Has Donald Trump Filed
Helping People Discover Options & Recover From Tax Debt
When a person files for bankruptcy, theyre attempting to reset their financial stability. Whilebankruptcy can help a person clear unsecured debt that they can no longer pay, many wonder how they should handle their tax debt. Handling IRS debt correctly is important because of the powers that the agency can use to collect it from debtors. For example, the IRS can file tax liens and levies that can affect your job, wages, bank account, and property. This makes receiving the help of a qualified Massachusetts IRS debt attorney crucial.
Keep reading to learn more about IRS debts and bankruptcy. Or, call our Massachusetts tax debt lawyers right now at 502-7002 for a free initial consultation. Our team is focused on financial recovery and ready to help you discover your options.
Bankruptcy And Tax Debt
Its more common than you think: simple income tax debt can drive Canadian consumers and small business owners into insolvency. Tax bills can be large and unexpected, and the Canada Revenue Agency can be ruthless. To top it off, CRA has powers of collection that are unavailable to other creditors.
When you are sure just how much income tax you really owe to CRA, and have considered less serious solutions , your final possibility is to resolve your income tax debts with bankruptcy.
Read Also: How Many Bankruptcies Has Donald Trump Filed
Our Ma Tax Debt Lawyers Are Ready To Help Now At 502
At Miller Law Group, P.C., were focused on helping clients throughout the state reach the financial recovery that they deserve. Were always focused on those were working with because we purposely take a limited case load. Additionally, since we focus on bankruptcy law, you can be certain that your attorney has the knowledge required to help you make the right decisions. Importantly, our team meets each week to discuss cases theyre working on so our clients receive the benefit of the perspective of multiple experienced lawyers.
Your financial freedom is possible, and our Massachusetts tax debt lawyers are ready to help you at 502-7002.
Can Bankruptcy Stop Tax Liens
Does bankruptcy remove tax liens? The answer is a partial yes. Legal and tax experts agree that bankruptcy cannot completely stop pre-existing tax liens by the IRS.
While the automatic stay will stop new lien petitions, existing liens arent removed when you file for bankruptcy. For bankruptcy and IRS liens which existed prior to bankruptcy, the bankruptcy will be of little effect.
Heres how it works. If you have a federal tax lien placed on any property because of back taxes that you owe, the discharge of that debt during bankruptcy wont remove the lien. The lien will have to be removed separately if you wish to sell your property with clear title.
Therefore, bankruptcy for liens is not the best option. One recommendation is to get back on your feet financially, through bankruptcy, and then attack the liens with help from your lawyer.
You May Like: How Many Times Has Donald Trump Filed For Bankruptsy
Federal Tax Refunds During Bankruptcy
You can receive tax refunds while in bankruptcy. However, refunds may be subject to delay, to turnover requests by the Chapter 7 Trustee, or used to pay down your tax debts. If you believe your refund has been delayed, turned over, or offset against your tax debts you can check on its status by going to our Wheres My Refund tool or by contacting the IRS Centralized Insolvency Operations Unit at 1-800-973-0424. The unit is available Monday through Friday from 7:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. eastern time.