Making Changes To Your Bankruptcy Forms
Your bankruptcy forms are signed under penalty of perjury. When you file, you’re declaring that the information in your bankruptcy forms is true and correct to the best of your knowledge. If you accidently leave something out or make a mistake, you’ll need to make changes to your forms.
This is done by filing an amendment with the court. You might need to file an amendment because you forgot to list an asset or a , you need to add information that was originally missed, you change your mind about signing a reaffirmation agreement, or the trustee requests that forms be amended.
Bankruptcy In The United States
Like the economy, bankruptcy filings in the U.S. rise and fall. In fact, they are like dance partners where one goes, the other usually follows.
Bankruptcy peaked with just more than two million filings in 2005. That is the same year the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act was passed. That law was meant to stem the tide of consumers and businesses too eager to simply walk away from their debts.
The number of filings dropped 70% in 2006, but then the Great Recession brought the economy to its knees and bankruptcy filings spiked to 1.6 million in 2010. They retreated again as the economy improved, but the COVID-19 pandemic easily could reverse the trend in 2021. It seems inevitable that many individuals and small businesses will declare bankruptcy.
Where Bankruptcy Doesnt Help
Bankruptcy does not necessarily erase all financial responsibilities.
It does not discharge the following types of debts and obligations:
- Loans obtained fraudulently
- Debts from personal injury while driving intoxicated
It also does not protect those who co-signed your debts. Your co-signer agreed to pay your loan if you didnt, or couldnt pay. When you declare bankruptcy, your co-signer still may be legally obligated to pay all or part of your loan.
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The defendants bankruptcy acts as an automatic stay of any civil lawsuit against him or her in every court or administrative agency. Ordinarily, the defendants attorney will file what is called a Suggestion of Bankruptcy that alerts the court and other parties to this fact.
As a plaintiff, your options are to file a motion in the bankruptcy court requesting relief from the automatic stay in order to continue prosecuting your lawsuit in the original district court, file a notice of removal to have the case transferred bankruptcy court, file an adversary proceeding within the bankruptcy court, or wait for the bankruptcy case to terminate and, if your claim hasnt been discharged, continue the case in the original court. Item is rarely the right course of action. Only an experienced bankruptcy attorney can advise you which would be the better course for your specific situation.
How Chapter 7 Works
A chapter 7 case begins with the debtor filing a petition with the bankruptcy court serving the area where the individual lives or where the business debtor is organized or has its principal place of business or principal assets. In addition to the petition, the debtor must also file with the court: schedules of assets and liabilities a schedule of current income and expenditures a statement of financial affairs and a schedule of executory contracts and unexpired leases. Fed. R. Bankr. P. 1007. Debtors must also provide the assigned case trustee with a copy of the tax return or transcripts for the most recent tax year as well as tax returns filed during the case . 11 U.S.C. § 521. Individual debtors with primarily consumer debts have additional document filing requirements. They must file: a certificate of credit counseling and a copy of any debt repayment plan developed through credit counseling evidence of payment from employers, if any, received 60 days before filing a statement of monthly net income and any anticipated increase in income or expenses after filing and a record of any interest the debtor has in federal or state qualified education or tuition accounts. Id. A husband and wife may file a joint petition or individual petitions. 11 U.S.C. § 302. Even if filing jointly, a husband and wife are subject to all the document filing requirements of individual debtors.
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Role Of The Case Trustee
When a chapter 7 petition is filed, the U.S. trustee appoints an impartial case trustee to administer the case and liquidate the debtor’s nonexempt assets. 11 U.S.C. §§ 701, 704. If all the debtor’s assets are exempt or subject to valid liens, the trustee will normally file a “no asset” report with the court, and there will be no distribution to unsecured creditors. Most chapter 7 cases involving individual debtors are no asset cases. But if the case appears to be an “asset” case at the outset, unsecured creditors must file their claims with the court within 90 days after the first date set for the meeting of creditors. Fed. R. Bankr. P. 3002. A governmental unit, however, has 180 days from the date the case is filed to file a claim. 11 U.S.C. § 502. In the typical no asset chapter 7 case, there is no need for creditors to file proofs of claim because there will be no distribution. If the trustee later recovers assets for distribution to unsecured creditors, the Bankruptcy Court will provide notice to creditors and will allow additional time to file proofs of claim. Although a secured creditor does not need to file a proof of claim in a chapter 7 case to preserve its security interest or lien, there may be other reasons to file a claim. A creditor in a chapter 7 case who has a lien on the debtor’s property should consult an attorney for advice.
Modern Law And Debt Restructuring
The principal focus of modern insolvency legislation and business debt restructuring practices no longer rests on the elimination of insolvent entities, but on the remodeling of the financial and organizational structure of debtors experiencing financial distress so as to permit the rehabilitation and continuation of the business.
For private households, some argue that it is insufficient to merely dismiss debts after a certain period. It is important to assess the underlying problems and to minimize the risk of financial distress to re-occur. It has been stressed that debt advice, a supervised rehabilitation period, financial education and social help to find sources of income and to improve the management of household expenditures must be equally provided during this period of rehabilitation . In most EU Member States, debt discharge is conditioned by a partial payment obligation and by a number of requirements concerning the debtor’s behavior. In the United States , discharge is conditioned to a lesser extent. The spectrum is broad in the EU, with the UK coming closest to the US system . The Other Member States do not provide the option of a debt discharge. Spain, for example, passed a bankruptcy law in 2003 which provides for debt settlement plans that can result in a reduction of the debt or an extension of the payment period of maximally five years , but it does not foresee debt discharge.
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Why Do Countries Go Bankrupt
There are a number of economic forces that can implode any nations economy, but a poor monetary policy must reign above many other factors when determining the financial position of any nation.
All seven national economies listed above instill relatively little confidence among investors. However, Jamaicas credit rating was upgraded by Moodys this year, and Argentinas and Belizes credit ratings remained stable. The remaining four countries, on the other hand, were downgraded.
A countrys history of fiscal responsibility, including past defaults, and current compliance with IMF debt repayment plans, are major contributors to Moodys evaluations.
Extremely high debt levels, which while not always a feature of unhealthy economies, can also contribute to a countrys poor credit rating. The debt of four of the seven countries was equal to more than 75% of GDP. In Jamaica and Greece, debt was well over 100% of GDP.
Political conflicts have also weakened some of these economies, which in turn has introduced more uncertainty and increased risk. Ukraines conflict with Russia over its annexation of Crimea, for example, and the resulting U.S. and European sanctions, have contributed to the countrys downgrade in March.
What Happens When Someone Declares Bankruptcy In Uae
Although declaring bankruptcy in UAE will be able to provide relief when a business is no longer able to repay its liabilities, theres still a few consequences that need to be taken into consideration as they may affect you. You need to be aware of the consequences so youre able to decide the best option for bankruptcy for your business.
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Your Trustee May Sell Your Assets
You are able to keep:
- ordinary household goods
- tools up to a set amount used to earn an income and
- vehicle with a value up to a set amount.
Your trustee can sell other assets including your house and property. You must not dispose of any property belonging to the trustee. You must declare any assets you have when you apply for bankruptcy and any you receive during bankruptcy.
You Will Be Discharged From Bankruptcy
A discharge releases you from the legal obligation to repay the debts you had as of the date you filed for bankruptcy, except for specific types of debts that are excluded by law. These include alimony and child support payments, student loans , court-ordered fines or penalties, and debts arising from fraud.
The timing of your discharge depends on a number of factors, including whether this is your first bankruptcy, and whether you are required to make surplus income payments.
Timing of your discharge from bankruptcy
If this is your first bankruptcy and you are not required to make surplus income payments , you will be eligible for an automatic discharge from bankruptcy in nine months. If your surplus income is higher, your bankruptcy will be extended to 21 months and you will be required to make payments from your surplus income.
Your discharge from bankruptcy will happen automatically if
- the discharge is not opposed by the LIT, a creditor or the Office of the Superintendent of Bankruptcy
- you have attended the mandatory financial counselling sessions and
- this is your first or second bankruptcy.
To ensure that a greater percentage of debts is repaid to creditors, the following standards set out when an automatic discharge will occur.Timing of your discharge from bankruptcy , First Bankruptcy
|Surplus income is greater than $200 per month||36 months after filing|
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How Long Bankruptcy Lasts For
Bankruptcy normally lasts for one year. After this time, you’ll be ‘discharged’ from your bankruptcy regardless of how much you still owe.
Your discharge could happen earlier if you co-operate fully with the Official Receiver. In some cases and if you’ve behaved irresponsibly , bankruptcy can last for more than one year.
What Happens To Joint Debt If You File For Bankruptcy
Therefore, if one person declares bankruptcy, the other person in the relationship will have to continue making full payments on any joint debt remaining. If you file for bankruptcy to eliminate your debts, your creditors can go after your ex-spouse for the full amount of any joint debts you had while together.
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How Much Does It Cost To Go Bankrupt
Its important to talk to a free debt adviser before you pay the fee to make sure that bankruptcy is the best solution for you.
It costs £680 to apply for bankruptcy and youll need to pay this before you submit your application.
If you cant afford the fee you might be able to pay in instalments.
To find out more about this, contact the insolvency enquiry line.
Exceptions To Discharge From Personal Bankruptcy In Nine Months
The length of your bankruptcy will be nine months, unless one or more of the following is true:
- You fail to perform all your bankruptcy duties, such as regular payments of surplus income to the trustee.
- You have surplus income .
- You have been bankrupt before.
- There is an objection filed to your discharge.
How much longer your bankruptcy period will be depends on the details of your case. Twenty-one month is typical when the bankrupt individual makes a good salary .
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Who Deals With Your Bankruptcy
An Official Receiver is appointed to protect your assets. They act as trustee of your bankruptcy affairs if you have no assets.
If you have assets, an Insolvency Practitioner will be appointed to act as trustee and sell your assets to pay your creditors. To read more, go to:
Once a bankruptcy order has been made against you, your creditors cannot pursue you for payment. The trustee is responsible for payments.
What Does Discharged Mean
Discharged means your bankruptcy has ended you no longer have to pay your debts and you are able to apply for credit. However, if you do not complete your duties during bankruptcy, you will not get discharged, your trustee will close your file, and creditors can resume collection efforts against you. To learn more about how to get out of bankruptcy, read about how long bankruptcy lasts in Canada.
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Get Free Advice About Bankruptcy
Its always best to talk things through with an experienced debt adviser before you decide to apply for bankruptcy.
This is because the debt solution is best for you depends on your personal circumstances and might not be this one.
Debt advisers can help you make the right decisions so most of your money will go to paying off your debts, which means you might be debt free sooner than you thought.
Your Creditors May Hold A Meeting
Sometimes, a meeting of creditors is required or requested. The purpose of this meeting is to
- allow creditors to obtain information about the bankruptcy
- confirm the appointment of the LIT
- appoint up to five inspectors to supervise the administration of your estate and
- allow creditors to give direction to the LIT.
If a meeting is called, you will be required to attend.
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What You Can Expect From Your Initial Free Consultation With A Trustee
If you want to learn more about how filing for a bankruptcy would affect you, and whether there are other alternatives that are available to you, booking a free personal consultation with a local Licensed Insolvency Trustee is an easy next step.
The Trustee will discuss your personal situation with you, answer your questions, and advise you on whether a bankruptcy is the right solution in your case, or if a different insolvency solution an alternative to bankruptcy might be more suitable for you.
The consultation is confidential, and also risk-free as you have no obligation to continue to work with the same Trustee in the future, nor can the Trustee make any decisions on your behalf. You will leave the Trustees office with lightened emotional load, knowing you have gotten trusted professional advice.
Find a local trustee you can trust. We have trustees from coast to coast in Canada including Toronto and Ottawa. Talk to one today!
File Chapter 7 Bankruptcy For Free With Upsolve
If you have minimal assets and simply need a fresh start, Upsolveâs free web app gives you the tools you need to successfully navigate the Chapter 7 bankruptcy process without a lawyer. If your financial situation is a bit more complex, and Upsolve is not a good fit for you, it can help you find a bankruptcy attorney in your area.
Ready for the next step? If so, take this short quiz to find out if Upsolve is a good fit for you. Not quite sure how it works? Check out this 10-Step Guide on how to file bankruptcy for free. And feel free to browse our Learning Center to find answers to all of your questions!
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Advantages And Disadvantages Of Filing For Bankruptcy
Many who qualify for bankruptcy never avail themselves of its potential benefits. While it is true that a bankruptcy filing can affect a persons finances for years to come, for many people, filing is the best option. However, every persons financial circumstances are unique to his or her situation. Deciding if, when and how to file for bankruptcy is a very complicated process and the consequences of filing when you shouldnt can be considerable. It is important to consult with a skilled bankruptcy attorney to determine whether bankruptcy is your best option. We invite you to contact us at Arnold & Smith, PLLC to arrange a free consultation with one of our experienced attorneys to discuss your particular situation and how a bankruptcy could impact your financial situation.
Advantages of filing for bankruptcy include:
The potential disadvantages of bankruptcy include: