How To Change A Return
COVID-19: Expect the normal timeframe for processing adjustment requests submitted by paper to be 10-12 weeks in most cases.
You can request a change to your tax return by amending specific line of your return. Do not file another return for that year, unless the return you want to amend was a 152 factual assessment.
Wait until you receive your notice of assessment before asking for changes.
Generally you can only request a change to a return for a tax year ending in any of the 10 previous calendar years. For example, a request made in 2021 must relate to the 2011 or a later tax year to be considered.
Why Was I Sent A 1099
A 1099-C is generated by a financial institution, such as a lender, after a qualifying event. A qualifying event occurs when the entity has written-off or canceled a debt in excess of $600. Cancelling the debt requires the bank to send you the 1099-C regardless of whether you received a discharge in bankruptcy. This means the 1099-C you received was likely generated appropriately, but does not mean that you must take it as actual income on your tax return. You will need to file the appropriate forms with the IRS to exclude the canceled debt as income on your 1040 tax return.
Note: Not all institutions send a 1099-C, so do not expect one for each debt you discharged. In addition, sometimes a 1099-C may be sent a few years after the bankruptcy discharge.
When Company Files Chapter 7 Or Chapter 11 Investors Often Lose Out
If a company you’ve invested in files for bankruptcy, good luck getting any money back, the pessimists sayor if you do, chances are you’ll get back pennies on the dollar. But is that true? The answer depends on a number of factors, including the type of bankruptcy and the type of investment you hold.
Read Also: How To Be A Bankruptcy Lawyer
If You Cant Repay Your Debts But Want To Avoid Bankruptcy
What if you owe more than $10,000 and but;want to avoid bankruptcy? Another option to consider is a consumer proposal. This is where you offer to pay back a portion of the debt over a period of up to 5 years. You must offer your creditors the greater of what a bankruptcy would generate and an amount sufficiently large enough for your creditors to consider it.
If you have questions regarding the amount of debt you have and what your options might be,;talk to a trustee in bankruptcy. All consultations are free, so in that regard no debts are too small to discuss.
Spend Your Tax Refund Before Filing
If it looks like your tax refund will not be exempt, you may want to delay your bankruptcy filing. Often the best way to avoid losing your tax refund in bankruptcy is to spend your refund before you file for bankruptcy. Spending your tax refund on luxury items like jewelry will create problems in your bankruptcy case. But you can use your refund on many ordinary expenses, including rent, mortgage payments, home repairs, food, utilities, clothing, educational expenses, car repairs, medical and dental expenses, and insurance. And if you have spent your tax refund on ordinary expenses before you file for bankruptcy, there is no tax refund to protect in your bankruptcy case.
Bankruptcy Exemptions In New Brunswick
- Furniture, household furnishings and appliances up to $5,000
- No limit on clothes for you and your family
- Enough food and fuel for you and your family for three months
- Tools used by you in the practice of your trade up to $6,500
- One motor vehicle up to $6,500, if needed for employment
- Dogs, cats, and other domestic animals belonging to you
- No limit on medical or health aids for you and your family
- Certain government pension plans are exempt from bankruptcy
Second Step: Be Aware Of The Consequences Of Unpaid Income Taxes And Late Filed Returns
There are two certainties in life, death and taxes. ;Neither situation is something that one looks forward to and the CRA has extensive powers to enforce the filing of returns and the payment of taxes.
- Penalties and interest are charged on balances due on late filed tax returns. ;You should consult with your income tax preparer as to your due dates.
- In the event that returns are not filed, the CRA can make an arbitrary assessment for your income tax liability.
- The CRA can withhold child tax credits, Canada Pension Plan or Old Age Security benefits, GST credits and tax refunds until your debt is paid.
- The CRA can garnishee your bank account and paycheque directly from your employer. ;No court application is required and as such, your bank or employer need only be served with a Requirement to Pay notice by the CRA.
The CRA will typically not accept less than full payment from a taxpayer unless you engage the services of a Licensed Insolvency Trustee or are successful with a Taxpayer Relief application. ;From the CRA perspective, should they accept less than the full balance outstanding, they would be setting a precedent that would force them to accept lower amounts from all other taxpayers. ;As such, the obligation can only be reduced through a Licensed Insolvency Trustee or through the Taxpayer Relief provisions.
Recommended Reading: What Is Bankruptcy And Insolvency Act
What If The Ato Is A Creditor
Any refund you are entitled to during the period of bankruptcy may be retained by the ATO to offset any pre bankruptcy income debt and/or offset any Family Assistance or Child Support debts incurred. Any debt still outstanding to the ATO after your bankruptcy is discharged which formed part of the bankruptcy cannot be recovered by the ATO.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Bankruptcy
If you’re trying to decide whether you should file for bankruptcy, your credit is probably already damaged. But it’s worth noting that a Chapter 7 filing will stay on your for 10 years, while a Chapter 13 will remain there for seven. Any creditors or lenders you apply to for new debt will see the discharge on your report, which can prevent you from getting any credit.
Don’t Miss: Can You File Bankruptcy On Your Own
Taxes And Chapter 13: How It Works
In most cases, the Chapter 13 trustee will claim income tax refunds during the plan and add the funds to the pool of money being distributed to creditors. There are possible exceptions, though. For example:
- If the plan provides for 100% payment to unsecured creditors
- If the debt can demonstrate a change in circumstances or short-term need that warrants the trustee disclaiming the refund
The Chapter 13 trustee has the discretion to disclaim the tax refund and allowing the debtor to keep it, so other factors may impact the determination.
Your bankruptcy attorney can explain in greater detail the type of circumstances that might allow you to keep your income tax refund in a Chapter 13 case, and the usual practices of your local bankruptcy trustees.
Unlike Chapter 7, Chapter 13 bankruptcy may impact the debtors claim on his or her income tax refund for 3-5 yearsas long as the Chapter 13 plan remains in effect.
Your Tax Refund Is Part Of The Bankruptcy Estate
On the day the bankruptcy is filed, any assets that you own become part of the bankruptcy estate. Your tax refund is one of those assets. A trustee is appointed to represent your creditors, collecting assets and liquidating those assets to pay your creditors. In many Chapter 7 cases, there simply are not enough assets or cash to make it worthwhile for the trustee to take those to pay the creditors.
Unfortunately, if you are owed a large tax refund, that may be an easy target for the trustee. With a little planning, we can help you keep most, if not all, of your tax refund.
Can I Keep My Tax Refunds If I File Chapter 7
Tax season is here again. Understandably, people filing or considering filing Chapter 7 are concerned about losing their tax refunds. The good news is that if done properly, the bankruptcy filing will most likely not cause the loss of a tax refund. Most debtors lose their tax refunds because they fail to properly disclose and exempt the tax refunds, which is common when attempting to file without an attorney or when hiring an inexperienced or careless bankruptcy attorney.
Can I Keep My Tax Refund
It depends on your circumstances. You must inform your trustee;when you receive your tax refund. You also need to provide a copy of your ATO;Notice of Assessment.;It’s important to not spend your tax refund until your trustee makes an assessment and informs you if they have a claim in the refund.;Your trustee calculates the following and notifies you of the outcome:
- Refunds for income you;earn before;you enter bankruptcy are assets your trustee can claim.
- Refunds for income you;earn after;you enter bankruptcy form part of your assessable income for compulsory payments. If your assessable income exceeds a set amount you may need to make compulsory payments.;For more information about compulsory payments during bankruptcy see Income and employment.;
You still need to lodge your tax returns as your obligations to the ATO remain during bankruptcy.
Don’t Miss: Are Medical Bills Dischargeable In Bankruptcy
Tax Refunds And Bankruptcy In Indiana
Indiana individuals are allowed to keep up to $350 of their tax refund; married couples may keep $700. You also get to keep any earned income credit from your refund.
In Indiana, you lose the percentage of next year’s refund that equals the percentage of the year that has gone by when you filed Chapter 7 bankruptcy. For example, if you file Chapter 7 bankruptcy in January, you only lose one month of next year’s tax refund. Depending on the details of your finances, this may not be enough money for the Chapter 7 trustee to consider taking from you. It is best to speak with a bankruptcy lawyer to find out if this filing strategy will work for you, however.
Under Chapter 13 bankruptcy, the laws are different. In this case, you may have to give up half of each tax refund during your three- or five-year repayment plan period. The amount may vary depending on the filer’s finances and debts.
An Experienced Bankruptcy Attorney Can Help You Retain More Of Your Refund
There is a lot of confusion over bankruptcy and tax refunds. Many people assume that tax refunds are simply theirs to keep, but this is not always true. Others may receive a tax refund prior to filing bankruptcy and spend it on a luxury item or another ill-advised purchase.
If you have questions about your tax refund and bankruptcy, speaking with a bankruptcy attorney is a good idea. At Redman Ludwig, P.C., we can answer your questions and advise you on whether you may be entitled to keep most of your refund, as well as what may be permissible expenses according to the bankruptcy trustee.
Don’t Miss: How Much Debt To File Bankruptcy
Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Uses Tax Refunds To Finish Payment Plans Faster
If a Chapter 7 bankruptcy is a snapshot, then a Chapter 13 bankruptcy is a 3- to 5-year movie. In preparing to file a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you and your bankruptcy attorney will create a payment plan that includes a budget for your regular living expenses and makes all the rest of your income available to pay down your debts.
That includes your tax refund. Because your tax refund is unpredictable , your bankruptcy attorney will usually not include your tax refund as part of your budget. Instead, it becomes a source of additional income your bankruptcy trustee can use to pay your debts ahead of schedule and finish your payment plans faster. Because a Chapter 13 bankruptcy is a process, it will inevitably include at least a few years tax returns. You should talk to your bankruptcy attorney to create a strategy that works best for you and your family: minimize your tax refunds and keep more of your money, or use larger tax refunds to help finish your payment plan ahead of schedule.
Change Your Tax Withholding
If you plan to file for Chapter 7 in the next year, you can also avoid receiving a refund at all by adjusting your tax withholding so that you only pay the tax you owe. By doing this, youâll receive more money each month and you can avoid getting a tax refund. But you need to make sure you have savings to pay any tax bill when it comes due.
Recommended Reading: Do Married Couples Have To File Bankruptcy Together
Adjusting Your Withholdings To Minimize Tax Refunds
One of the best strategies to avoid turning over your tax refunds to a bankruptcy trustee is not to receive them in the first place. Receiving a tax refund means that you have pre-paid more to the IRS than you owe in taxes. By adjusting how much you want withheld from your paycheck each month, you can increase your income throughout the year and use it to support your family, rather than waiting until April 15, and getting a refund back.
Work with your bankruptcy attorney and an accountant to determine how much you need to withhold to pay just enough to cover your taxes without overpaying. You want to avoid creating a new tax debt that could threaten your Chapter 13 bankruptcy, but you also dont want to withhold too much just to hand that tax refund over to the trustee.
There is a lot of strategy that goes into controlling how your bankruptcy will affect your tax return. That is why you should start talking to a bankruptcy attorney early, sometimes several months before you actually file the petition. That will give you and your attorney time to make a plan to make the best use of your tax return, and keep you from giving the trustee more than he or she needs to pay off your creditors.
Are You Getting A Refund
Refunds that are issued as a result of returns for years prior to the year of bankruptcy are considered to be the property of the estate in bankruptcy. As a result, these refunds will be sent to the trustee. Any refunds issued in relation to returns for years subsequent to the year of bankruptcy will be sent to you, unless the trustee has obtained a court order.
For the year of bankruptcy, any issued refund related to the pre-bankruptcy return will be sent to the trustee. Issued refunds related to the post-bankruptcy return will also be sent to the trustee if your bankruptcy assignment date is July 7, 2008, or later. Post-bankruptcy refunds that are issued for bankruptcies with an assignment date prior to that will be sent to you, unless the trustee has obtained a court order or has provided us with an Authorization and Direction letter.
Don’t Miss: What Is Epiq Bankruptcy Solutions Llc
Why Declare Bankruptcy
The obvious answer for why you should declare bankruptcy is that you are drowning financially and no one not banks, not online lenders, not family or friends will throw you a lifeline.
The millions of people who lost their jobs or businesses because of the coronavirus, have some hope because of bankruptcy. They still had bills to pay, and in many cases, no way to handle them. Thats what bankruptcy was meant to address. Its not a bailout. It was created to give people a chance to get back on their feet financially and restore their peace of mind.
If your bills have grown to levels your income simply cant handle, having your debts discharged through bankruptcy is a safe, legal and practical choice.
Planning For Chapter 7
Here are some ways to increase your chances of keeping your tax refund in Chapter 7 bankruptcy.
If you file during tax season. Individuals who file bankruptcy during tax season often have to figure out what to do with the tax refund they have just received. You can use any available tax refund or wildcard exemption to protect it. But if your state doesn’t offer these exemptions, or you want to save your wildcard for other assets, consider these strategies:
- If possible, file for bankruptcy after receiving and spending your tax refund. If you choose to do this, be sure to use your refund on necessities and not to purchase new assets.
- Use your tax refund to pay your bankruptcy attorney for the fees and costs of your case.
These strategies have been found to pass muster in most bankruptcy cases because you’re allowed to use your assets to pay expected living expenses. Neither option involves an attempt to avoid paying a creditor, which is considered fraudulent in bankruptcy.
Adjust withholdings. If you expect a significant return because of amounts deducted from your paycheck, the fix is to adjust your tax withholding early in the year. Keep in mind that this tip won’t be as helpful if you change your withholding later in the year such as from October through December.
You May Like: How To File For Bankruptcy For Credit Card Debt
Mar Why Should Your Tax Returns Be Affected If Your Spouse Files A Bankruptcy
Why should your tax returns be affected if your spouse files a bankruptcy? If you file a separate tax return from your spouse, there should be no effect at all. If you file a joint tax return, however, you should be aware of the following:
1. Your last tax return must be sent to your spouses trustee and any of your spouses creditors that request it. Usually, your tax return is private, between you and the IRS. When a bankruptcy is filed, however, the person filing the bankruptcy loses his/her right to privacy. If it is a joint tax return, you lose that right also.
2. If it is a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, EACH of your joint tax returns due during the pendency of the bankruptcy must be sent to the Chapter 13 trustee for his/her review.
3. If it is a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, and there is a refund that hadnt been received prior to the filing of the case, the Chapter 7 trustee can take at least half of the refund. Unless, of course, your spouse can protect it with an exemption.
Next: How your spouses bankruptcy will affect your income and expenses.