Prepositions Of Location: At In On
This section deals with prepositions and their standard uses.
Graphics for this handout were developed by Michelle Hansard.
Prepositions expressing spatial relations are of two kinds: prepositions of location and prepositions of direction. Both kinds may be either positive or negative. Prepositions of location appear with verbs describing states or conditions, especially be; prepositions of direction appear with verbs of motion. This handout deals with positive prepositions of location that sometimes cause difficulty: at, on, and in.
The handout is divided into two sections. The first explains the spatial relationships expressed by the three prepositions. The second examines more closely the uses of in and on.
Choosing Between In And On
Nouns denoting enclosed spaces, such as a field or a window, take both on and in. The prepositions have their normal meanings with these nouns: on is used when the space is considered as a surface, in when the space is presented as an area:
Notice that in implies that the field is enclosed, whereas on implies only that the following noun denotes a surface and not necessarily an enclosed area:
When the area has metaphorical instead of actual boundaries, such as when field means “academic discipline,” in is used:
Several common uses of in and on occur with street. The first two follow the general pattern of in and on usage. The third is an idiom that must be learned as a unit.
inonout on the street
In a), the street is understood as an area enclosed by the sidewalks on either side. Compare b) with the discussion of sentence 3) in the first section. Here, on locates the house on either side of Third Street; it doesn’t mean that the street is a surface on which the house sits. Because the street is understood as a line next to which the house is situated, on functions much like at in its normal use; in other words, it locates the house in relation to the street but does not specify the exact address. For that purpose, at is used because the address is like a particular point on the line. Compare: “Our house is at 323 Third Street.” In c), out on the street is an idiom meaning “poor” or “destitute.”
Discharge Debt And Liquidate Assets C
Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 7 bankruptcy. Discharge debt and liquidate assets c. When a debtor files a chapter 7 a chapter 7 trustee is automatically appointed to administer the debtors property. Reorganize debt and liquidate assets.
Which of the following phrases best summarizes Chapter 7 bankruptcy. Discharge debt and liquidate assets c. Reorganize debt and keep property d.
This firing uses up all the fuel however so after the second stage has. A regression followed by a transgression Volpe and rita volpe filed a petition for relief under chapter 7 of the united states bankruptcy code at the time dr. Did you know You can always find and view.
Which of the following phrases best summarizes Chapter 7 bankruptcy. 2 question Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 7 bankruptcy. Discharge debt and liquidate assets c.
Discharge debt and keep property b. Discharge debt and keep property b. Refute the idea that the.
Discharge debt and liquidate assets c. 2 on a question Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 7 bankruptcy. Discharge debt and keep property b.
Reorganize debt and keep property d. In the first stage of a two-stage rocket the rocket is fired from the launch pad starting from rest but with a constant acceleration of 350 ms2 upward. Correct answer to the question Which of the following phrases best summarizes Chapter 7 bankruptcy.
Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 7 bankruptcy.
424 B 4
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Viii Legislative Oversight By Standing Committees
Each standing committee, other than the Committee on Appropriations, is required to review and study, on a continuing basis, the application, administration, execution, and effectiveness of the laws dealing with the subject matter over which the committee has jurisdiction and the organization and operation of federal agencies and entities having responsibility for the administration and evaluation of those laws.
Xi Consideration And Debate
Consideration of measures may involve several stages, the most pertinent of which are discussed below. Also discussed are various restrictions on House consideration, as well as voting methods and mechanisms.
COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE
In order to expedite the consideration of bills and resolutions, the rules of the House provide for a parliamentary mechanism, known as the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union, that enables the House to act with a quorum of less than the requisite majority of the entire House. A quorum in the Committee of the Whole is 100 members. All measures on the Union Calendarthose involving a tax, making appropriations, authorizing payments out of appropriations already made, or disposing of propertymust be first considered in the Committee of the Whole.
The Committee on Rules reports a rule allowing for immediate consideration of a measure by the Committee of the Whole. After adoption of the rule by the House, the Speaker may declare the House resolved into the Committee of the Whole. When the House resolves into the Committee of the Whole, the Speaker leaves the chair after appointing a Chairman to preside.
AMENDMENTS AND THE GERMANENESS RULE
THE COMMITTEE RISES
The Speaker may postpone a recorded vote on final passage of a bill or resolution, as well as other matters, for up to two legislative days.
MOTION TO RECOMMIT
QUORUM CALLS AND ROLL CALLS
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X Obtaining Consideration Of Measures
Certain measures, either pending on the House and Union Calendars or unreported and pending in committee, are more important and urgent than others and a system permitting their consideration ahead of those that do not require immediate action is necessary. If the calendar numbers alone were the determining factor, the bill reported most recently would be the last to be taken up as all measures are placed on the House and Union Calendars in the order reported.
The House occasionally employs the practice of allowing reported or unreported measures to be considered by the unanimous agreement of all Members in the House Chamber. The power to recognize Members for a unanimous-consent request is ultimately in the discretion of the Chair, and recent Speakers have issued strict guidelines on when such a request is to be entertained. Most unanimous-consent requests for consideration of measures may only be entertained by the Chair when assured that the majority and minority floor and committee leaderships have no objection.
SPECIAL RESOLUTION OR RULE
If the measure is on the House Calendar or the recommendation is to avoid consideration in the Committee of the Whole, the resolution might read as follows:
Resolved, That upon the adoption of this resolution it shall be in order to consider the bill entitled, etc., in the House, etc.
CONSIDERATION OF MEASURES MADE IN ORDER BY RULE REPORTED FROM THE COMMITTEE ON RULES
MOTION TO DISCHARGE COMMITTEE
Role Of The Case Trustee
When a chapter 7 petition is filed, the U.S. trustee appoints an impartial case trustee to administer the case and liquidate the debtor’s nonexempt assets. 11 U.S.C. §§;701, 704. If all the debtor’s assets are exempt or subject to valid liens, the trustee will normally file a “no asset” report with the court, and there will be no distribution to unsecured creditors. Most chapter 7 cases involving individual debtors are no asset cases. But if the case appears to be an “asset” case at the outset, unsecured creditors must file their claims with the court within 90 days after the first date set for the meeting of creditors. Fed. R. Bankr. P. 3002. A governmental unit, however, has 180 days from the date the case is filed to file a claim. 11 U.S.C. §;502. In the typical no asset chapter 7 case, there is no need for creditors to file proofs of claim because there will be no distribution. If the trustee later recovers assets for distribution to unsecured creditors, the Bankruptcy Court will provide notice to creditors and will allow additional time to file proofs of claim. Although a secured creditor does not need to file a proof of claim in a chapter 7 case to preserve its security interest or lien, there may be other reasons to file a claim. A creditor in a chapter 7 case who has a lien on the debtor’s property should consult an attorney for advice.
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The Chapter 7 Discharge
A discharge releases individual debtors from personal liability for most debts and prevents the creditors owed those debts from taking any collection actions against the debtor. Because a chapter 7 discharge is subject to many exceptions, debtors should consult competent legal counsel before filing to discuss the scope of the discharge. Generally, excluding cases that are dismissed or converted, individual debtors receive a discharge in more than 99 percent of chapter 7 cases. In most cases, unless a party in interest files a complaint objecting to the discharge or a motion to extend the time to object, the bankruptcy court will issue a discharge order relatively early in the case generally, 60 to 90 days after the date first set for the meeting of creditors. Fed. R. Bankr. P. 4004.
The grounds for denying an individual debtor a discharge in a chapter 7 case are narrow and are construed against the moving party. Among other reasons, the court may deny the debtor a discharge if it finds that the debtor: failed to keep or produce adequate books or financial records; failed to explain satisfactorily any loss of assets; committed a bankruptcy crime such as perjury; failed to obey a lawful order of the bankruptcy court; fraudulently transferred, concealed, or destroyed property that would have become property of the estate; or failed to complete an approved instructional course concerning financial management. 11 U.S.C. §;727; Fed. R. Bankr. P. 4005.
In Order To File For Chapter 7 Bankruptcy In Which Of The Following States Could The Family Be Living
A transgression followed by a regression. Chapter 11 petition should be reviewed with an attorney. I am the chief restructuring officer of golfsmith international Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 7 bankruptcy? Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 7 bankruptcy? When a debtor files a chapter 7, a chapter 7 trustee is automatically appointed to administer the debtor’s property. A regression followed by a transgression Volpe and rita volpe filed a petition for relief under chapter 7 of the united states bankruptcy code, at the time, dr. Hereby declare that the following is true and correct to the best of my knowledge, information,. Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 13 bankruptcy? Chapter 25 summarizes the steps involved in filing either a chapter 7 or a chapter 13 bankruptcy. Discharge debt and liquidate assets c. Section ii provides a summary of the debtors’ businesses.
Line 13 of the form is amended to reflect that. Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 7 bankruptcy? Section iii describes the circumstances leading to the commencement of these chapter 11 cases. Chapter 7 under chapter 7 of u.s. Bankruptcy code, the company stops all operations and goes completely out of business.
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You Must Choose Which Chapter Is Best For You File The Petition With The Courts And Wait To Be Approved
Line 13 of the form is amended to reflect that. Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 13 bankruptcy? You must choose which chapter is best for you, file the petition with the courts, and wait to be approved. 2849, at ¶¶ 5 and 7. Section ii provides a summary of the debtors’ businesses. Bankruptcy a distinction is made between chapter 13 bankruptcies that were discharged and those that were dismissed. Sometimes you can find a legal services or other attorney who will not charge you. Reorganize debt and liquidate assets Which of the following phrases best summarizes chapter 13 bankruptcy? From the moment your bankruptcy petition is filed, there is an instantaneous stop on all actions to collect any prepetition debt. Section i provides an overview of these chapter 11 cases. It is a status of a firm or a person legally in which it declares that it cannot. I am the chief restructuring officer of golfsmith international
Part 2, tell the court about your bankruptcy case, line 7, removes choices for chapters 9 and 15 filings. In order to file for chapter 7 bankruptcy, in which of the following states could the family be living? Discharge debt and keep property b. The #1 reason why most debtors are willing to undergo chapter 7 bankruptcy proceedings is because the process is quickly over. Declaration the phrase to the best of my knowledge, information, and belief in order to conform to the
How Chapter 7 Works
A chapter 7 case begins with the debtor filing a petition with the bankruptcy court serving the area where the individual lives or where the business debtor is organized or has its principal place of business or principal assets. In addition to the petition, the debtor must also file with the court: schedules of assets and liabilities; a schedule of current income and expenditures; a statement of financial affairs; and a schedule of executory contracts and unexpired leases. Fed. R. Bankr. P. 1007. Debtors must also provide the assigned case trustee with a copy of the tax return or transcripts for the most recent tax year as well as tax returns filed during the case . 11 U.S.C. §;521. Individual debtors with primarily consumer debts have additional document filing requirements. They must file: a certificate of credit counseling and a copy of any debt repayment plan developed through credit counseling; evidence of payment from employers, if any, received 60 days before filing; a statement of monthly net income and any anticipated increase in income or expenses after filing; and a record of any interest the debtor has in federal or state qualified education or tuition accounts. Id. A husband and wife may file a joint petition or individual petitions. 11 U.S.C. §;302. Even if filing jointly, a husband and wife are subject to all the document filing requirements of individual debtors.
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Xvi Bill Originating In Senate
The preceding discussion has described the legislative process for bills originating in the House. When a bill originates in the Senate, this process is reversed. When the Senate passes a bill that originated in the Senate, it is sent to the House for consideration unless it is held to become a vehicle for a similar House bill if and when passed by the House. The Senate bill is referred to the appropriate House committee for consideration or held at the Speakers table at the Speakers discretion. If the committee reports the bill to the full House and if the bill is passed by the House without amendment, it is enrolled. If the House passes an amended version of the Senate bill, the bill is returned to the Senate for action on the House amendments. The Senate may agree to the amendments or request a conference to resolve the disagreement over the House amendments or may further amend the House amendments. In accordance with the Constitution, the Senate cannot originate revenue measures. By tradition, the House also originates general appropriation bills. If the Senate does originate a revenue measure either as a Senate bill or an amendment to a non-revenue House bill, it can be returned to the Senate by a vote of the House as an infringement of the constitutional prerogative of the House.
Xii Congressional Budget Process
The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974, as amended, provides Congress with a procedure to establish appropriate spending and revenue levels for each year. The congressional budget process, as set out in that Act, is designed to coordinate decisions on sources and levels of revenues and on objects and levels of expenditures. Its basic method is to prescribe the overall size of the fiscal pie and the particular sizes of its various pieces. Each year the Congress adopts a concurrent resolution imposing overall constraints on revenues and spending and distributing the overall constraint on spending among groups of programs and activities.
The Budget Act maintains that reconciliation provisions must be related to reconciling the budget. This principle is codified in section 313 of the Budget Act, the so-called Byrd Rule, named after Senator Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia. Section 313 provides a point of order in the Senate against extraneous matter in reconciliation bills. Determining what is extraneous is a difficult task for the Senates Presiding Officer. The Byrd Rule may only be waived in the Senate by a three-fifths vote and sixty votes are required to overturn the presiding officers ruling.
After Congress has completed action on a concurrent resolution on the budget for a fiscal year, the Budget Act provides a point of order against legislation that does not conform to the constraints on spending and revenue set out in the resolution.
Iii Sources Of Legislation
In addition, the Members constituents, either as individuals or through citizen groups, may avail themselves of the right to petition and transmit their proposals to the Member. The right to petition is guaranteed by the First Amendment to the Constitution. Similarly, state legislatures may memorialize Congress to enact specified federal laws by passing resolutions to be transmitted to the House and Senate as memorials. If favorably impressed by the idea, a Member may introduce the proposal in the form in which it has been submitted or may redraft it. In any event, a Member may consult with the Legislative Counsel of the House or the Senate to frame the ideas in suitable legislative language and form.
In modern times, the executive communication has become a prolific source of legislative proposals. The communication is usually in the form of a message or letter from a member of the Presidents Cabinet, the head of an independent agency, or the President himself, transmitting a draft of a proposed bill to the Speaker of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate.