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What’s The Difference Between Chapter 7 And Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

What Is The Most Common Form Of Bankruptcy For Individuals

Whats the difference between chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcy?

Individuals most commonly file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy. Among those two options, Chapter 7 is the more common option, accounting for up to 65% of total bankruptcy filings by consumers.

Even though both forms of bankruptcy are common, there are several key differences between the two that must be understood by any debtor before filing for bankruptcy.

How Do I Apply For Bankruptcy

The unfortunate reality of bankruptcy is that it will cost some moneymore if you hire legal help, which you probably should . All filings have to go through U.S. bankruptcy courts, where the cost to file is $335 for Chapter 7 and $310 for Chapter 13. However, you can ask the court to either waive your fee or let you pay with monthly installments. You’ll also have to take debtor education courses if you file on your own.

And that’s just the beginning. There’s a list of documents you’ll need to take care of, as well as the specific repayment proposal you need to submit for Chapter 13. That proposal gets reviewed by a court-appointed trustee, who contacts your creditors before approving your submission. Overall, neither filing is an easy process to handle on your own, and even minor mistakes on your end could be a setback for your case.

So, whether you file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy, it’s typically a good idea to hire a lawyer to help you petition. A bankruptcy attorney’s price depends on the nature and complexity of your filing, with Chapter 13 filings on the pricier end, but the price tag doesn’t necessarily mean a lawyer is out of the question for you. Discuss payment plans with potential attorneys, check out local pro-bono lawyers and legal aid offices, or use an online tool like Upsolve to cover your bases when it comes to bankruptcy.

Which Is Better: Chapter 7 Or Chapter 13

Which form of bankruptcy is best for you depends on your financial situation and goals.

To determine whether Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy is best for you, consult with a bankruptcy attorney. Youll want to ensure that your problem debts can be handled by bankruptcy and that you’re in a position to make the most of the fresh start that bankruptcy offers.

Most consumers opt for Chapter 7 bankruptcy, which is faster and cheaper than Chapter 13. The vast majority of filers qualify for Chapter 7 after taking the means test, which analyzes income, expenses and family size to determine eligibility. Chapter 7 bankruptcy discharges, or erases, eligible debts such as credit card bills, medical debt and personal loans. But other debts, like student loans and taxes, typically arent eligible. And Chapter 7 doesnt offer a route to get caught up on secured loan payments, like a mortgage or auto loan, and it doesnt protect those assets from foreclosure or repossession.

In some instances, a bankruptcy trustee an administrator who works with the bankruptcy courts to represent the debtor’s estate may sell nonexempt items, meaning belongings that are not protected during bankruptcy. Nonexempt items vary according to state law.

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Should I Hire An Attorney For Chapter 7 Or Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Technically, you do not need to hire an attorney to file for bankruptcy. However, hiring legal counsel to assist you with the process will make it much easier. It will increase your chances of securing the best type of bankruptcy status for you.

Filing for bankruptcy requires gathering extensive financial documentation and compiling a complete financial disclosure for the bankruptcy courts consideration. It is much easier to handle this process when you have an experienced attorney assisting you. Your bankruptcy attorney will help you prepare for your bankruptcy court proceedings, from your initial petition to all the hearings you will need to attend throughout your case proceedings.

What Is The Difference Between A Chapter 7 And Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

Chapter 7 Bankruptcy vs Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

One of the most common questions I am asked is what is the difference between a chapter 7 bankruptcy and a chapter 13 bankruptcy? Some clients who have done their own online investigation are certain that they want to file a Chapter 7, or nothing else. However, a Chapter 13 bankruptcy may put them in a much better long-term position. Therefore, it is important to understand the difference between the two.

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What Is The Difference Between Chapter 7 And Chapter 13 Bankruptcy Quizlet

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Also asked, what is the difference between Chapter 7 and Chapter 13?

Chapter 7 bankruptcy is generally meant for people with limited incomes who do not have the ability to pay back all or some portion of their debts. Chapter 13 bankruptcy is referred to as a reorganization bankruptcy.

Furthermore, what is the main difference between chapters 7 and 11 quizlet? Chapter 7 deals with the liquidation of a company Chapter 11 deals with the reorganization of a company. Thus, for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy filing, the spotlight is on rules governing liquidations for a Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing, the focus is on rules governing reorganizations.

Beside this, what is the difference between Chapter 7 11 and 13 bankruptcy?

Chapter 11 is open to almost any individual or business without any specific income or debt-level limits. Chapter 13 requires you to have a stable income, has specific debt limits and is reserved for individuals or, in limited cases, sole proprietorships.

What bankruptcy chapter should I file?

Basics: A Chapter 7 bankruptcy will discharge most types of unsecured debt. The trustee will try to sell any significant nonexempt property in order to repay your creditors. Basics: In Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you repay your creditors through a Chapter 13 repayment plan.

Filing For Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

  • Complete mandatory credit counseling within 180 days of filing. Heres a list of approved agencies.
  • Complete the paperwork that shows you passed the means test eligibility requirement.
  • File a petition with your local bankruptcy court. Confirm what paperwork you need to bring such as proof of income and expenses, tax returns, property exemptions and more. This will start the process and yield an automatic stay, which means creditors may no longer try to collect.
  • Meet with your bankruptcy trustee and creditors. Youll answer questions about your finances and the information you filled out on the forms.
  • Receive your eligibility. The trustee and court can now make a decision on whether you can proceed. If they decide against your candidacy, you still have the option to file a Chapter 13 bankruptcy.
  • Find out about your property. This is when the trustee will decide how to handle your non-exempt property as well as your secured debts.
  • Complete a financial management course. Find an approved agency, complete the course and submit the form thereby certifying completion, all as directed by your bankruptcy trustee.
  • Receive your discharge.
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    What Is Chapter 7

    Filing for chapter 7 bankruptcy, offers qualified applicants a fresh start. The courts will discharge all qualified unsecured debts, which can include credit card and medical debts, personal loans, or judgments. It will not typically eliminate tax liens, student loans, or back child support.

    After filing, creditors may no longer continue collection efforts, and you may keep future wages. It takes approximately four months to complete the process.

    Chapter 7 bankruptcy is best suited for consumers with large amounts of unsecured debt with limited assets and income. You may retain assets falling under the exemptions allowed in your state, which typically include your primary residence, a vehicle, and equipment required for work.

    What Is The Difference Between Chapter 7 And Section 13 Personal Bankruptcy

    “What’s the difference between a Chapter 7 and a Chapter 13 bankruptcy?”

    You can now feel good cosigner, although top its credit score, the higher the pricing with the mortgage. Ideally, the cosigner get a good or excellent borrowing from the bank .

    A guarantor should be a beneficial U.S. resident, over-age 21 and possess excellent borrowing and a history of economic stability. It also helps if the guarantor are a homeowner.

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    Some Information You Will Need To Consider When Deciding Between Chapter 7 And Chapter 13 Bankruptcy:

    Chapter 7, Title 11, United States Codeinvolves liquidation of assets. Under its provisions, the debtor sells his or her assets to raise money to pay debts. Certain property is exempted, such as a car used as a primary means of transportation. Under bankruptcy Chapter 7, a debtor may have certain kinds of debt discharged or dismissed, such as credit card balances and medical bills.

    Chapter 13, Title 11, United States Code is a reorganization available to individuals who have adequate, regular income to pay down debts. A Chapter 13 filing does not require selling off assets, but it does eventually allow some unsecured debt to be discharged. Under bankruptcy Chapter 13, the person filing for bankruptcy proposes a plan to pay all or a portion of his or her debt over three to five years. The plan may include renegotiating the terms of loans to lower payments. In the end, the U.S. Bankruptcy Court approves a consolidated, monthly, or bi-monthly payment, which is made to a trustee who distributes it to creditors.

    Your household income must be less than the median income in your state to be eligible for Chapter 7 bankruptcy. If your income is higher, a means test will determine whether you make enough to pay some of your debts. If after covering essential living costs each month you have money left that could go toward your debts, you will be required to use a Chapter 13 bankruptcy.

    What Is The Difference Between Chapter 7 And Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

    If you do ultimately decide to file, one of the first big decisions you’ll make is whether to file Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy. These chapter names refer to sections of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code where it’s outlined how, exactly, your debt is taken care of in each process. The choice to file one or the other determines whether you’ll be put on a debt repayment plan or if your debts will be settled with the property you own. If you find yourself at a crossroads, start here to get a grasp on what’s ahead.

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    If You Have Sufficient Income You May Be Required To File Chapter 13

    Whats The Difference Between Chapter 7 &  Chapter 13 ...

    To qualify for a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, youll have to prove you cant repay your debt. If, depending on your income and your states median income requirements, your current monthly income is more than your states median income for a family of your size, you may not be allowed to file Chapter 7. In this case, Chapter 13 could be the right option for you.

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    Differences Between Chapter 7 And Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

    Last Updated on October 20, 2021 by James Gentile

    Bankruptcy law has allowed countless people to break free of debt and get their finances back on track but there are a lot of differences between chapter 7 and chapter 13 bankruptcy. You dont have to wait until youve hit rock bottom before speaking with a bankruptcy attorney. If you have more debt than you can pay off in a reasonable period or collections agencies are harassing you, or you are in danger of losing your home, its time to consider whether Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy is right for you.

    How Does Bankruptcy Work

    Bankruptcy is a method to eliminate or at least reduce your debt when bills pile up beyond your ability to repay them. It should be viewed as a last resort to be considered only when all other potential courses of action to get back on track have been exhausted.

    Individuals filing for bankruptcy mostly use either Chapter 7 or Chapter 13. The biggest difference between the two is what happens to your property:

    • Chapter 7, which is known as liquidation bankruptcy, involves selling some or all of your property to pay off your debts. This is often the choice if you don’t own a home and have a limited income.
    • Chapter 13, also known as a reorganization bankruptcy, gives you the chance to keep your property if you successfully complete a court-mandated repayment plan that lasts between three and five years.

    Depending on where you live and your marital status, some of your property may be exempt from being sold when you file Chapter 7 because of state-specific and federal exemptions. With exemptions, whether they be your home equity, retirement accounts or even personal possessions such as jewelry, you receive the allowed exemption amounts, and the rest of the proceeds will be used to pay off debts. You can read more about potential exemptions, and check out this chart for a quick rundown on the two types:

    Chapter 7
    • Child support or alimony
    • Student loans

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    Drawbacks Of Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

    Although Chapter 7 gets you through the process more quickly, it comes at a cost.

    The bankruptcy trustee can sell any property not protected by an exemption.

    You may get to keep your home or car, but youll still be on the hook for the mortgage and/or car loan. The same is true for other non-dischargeable debt, like tax debt.

    If youre behind on mortgage payments, Chapter 7 bankruptcy wont help you catch up. Chapter 13 bankruptcy gives you up to 5 years to bring your home loan current.

    Chapter 7 bankruptcy stays on your credit report longer than Chapter 13 .

    Advantages Of Chapter 13 Bankruptcy

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    The major advantage of Chapter 13 is that it allows you to discharge more forms of debt than does Chapter 7. Chapter 13 filers will have the option to keep their home if they are behind on their mortgage payments. They may be able to discharge a second mortgage or qualify for a cramdown on their car payments. Cramdowns allow you to pay off the current balance on your loan, but the principal is reduced to the real current value of the item. Interest, late fees, and other loan-related debt is shaved off and discharged as unsecured debt and you only have to make payments on what the car is worth now.

    The process of paying off a Chapter 13 bankruptcy occurs over three to five years. Instead of staying on your credit report for 10 years, it will be removed after seven.

    In addition, Chapter 13 can help you if you are not eligible for Chapter 7 because you:

  • filed for Chapter 7 within the last 8 years,
  • make more than the median household income, or
  • have a lot of non-exempt assets which would be taken from you under Chapter 7 bankruptcy.
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    Filing Bankruptcy: Chapter 7 Vs Chapter 13

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    Youre at the end of your financial rope. Youve tried everything selling off assets, credit counseling and debt consolidation. And youve finally decided that bankruptcy is your best option.

    Now what?

    One of your next steps is deciding which type of bankruptcy to file. There are two types of bankruptcies that individuals can file: Chapter 7 and Chapter 13. The basic difference between the two is that one eliminates your debts and the other involves a payment plan to repay at least some of the debts you owe. Continue reading to learn more about the differences between Chapters 7 and 13 bankruptcy and which one is right for you.

    Your Credit Could Take A Hit

    The other major consequence of a Chapter 7 bankruptcy is the impact to your credit. A Chapter 7 bankruptcy can stay on your credit reports for up to 10 years from the date you file.

    That doesnt mean youll never be able to open a credit card or take out a mortgage again, but it does mean you might have to pay a lot more in interest rates and fees when borrowing.

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    How Do I Find Out Whether I’d Qualify For Chapter 7 Bankruptcy

    You’ll take the two-part Chapter 7 means test. If your household income is lower than the median household income in your state, you’ll pass. However, if you don’t pass the first part, you’ll have another chance to qualify. The second portion of the means test allows you to subtract some monthly expenses from your income. If you don’t have enough remaining to pay a meaningful amount to creditors through a Chapter 13 repayment plan, you’ll pass.


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