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How Long After You File Bankruptcy Is It Discharged

No Asset Cases Close Quickly

How Long After Bankruptcy Before You Qualify for Credit?

In many Chapter 7 cases, the debtor keeps all property because the debtor’s assets are exempt. This type of bankruptcy is known as a no-asset Chapter 7. In most no-asset cases, nothing remains to be done after discharge. After the trustee files a report stating that there are no assets to administer, if there is no outstanding litigation, the court enters an order closing the case.

How Student Loan Bankruptcy Works

If youre considering student loan bankruptcy, falling behind on your payments will have had a major impact on your life. Perhaps your wages have been garnished because a lender took out a judgment against you. The federal government may have kept your tax refund and applied it to your federal student loans because they were delinquent or in default.

Your student debt is probably just one component of the financial challenges you are currently facing. In fact, if student debt is your only problem, you are unlikely to succeed in getting it discharged through bankruptcy. Filing for student loan bankruptcy is not easy and does not guarantee that you will walk away debt-free. But if your credit is shot, bankruptcy could be a faster path to financial health than continuing to struggle to pay your debts.

There is no special type of bankruptcy called “student loan bankruptcy.” Succeeding in having student loans discharged through bankruptcy involves filing Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 and then taking an additional step, which is filing an “adversary proceeding,” or AP. The AP must be filed to have your student loans considered for discharge.

How Long Does It Take To File A Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Case

There are a few things youâll have to do before you can file bankruptcy. How long this takes depends entirely on how quickly you move through the steps. Some people take weeks or even months to get ready others get it done in the span of a week. Hereâs a breakdown of these pre-filing steps:

  • Gathering information: Youâll need to collect some documents, like your tax returns and paycheck stubs so you can submit them to the court and/or the trustee. But, youâll also need to have information about how much you spend on living expenses, what your assets are and how much theyâre worth.

  • Taking credit counseling: This course has to be completed in the 180 days before your bankruptcy petition is filed with the court. It usually takes only 1 hour.

  • Completing the bankruptcy forms: This is often the longest part of the process. Folks working with a law firm wait for the lawyerâs office to complete this step. Once done, they’ll meet with the bankruptcy lawyer to sign their forms. Folks filing on their own can take several hours to fill out the bankruptcy forms. Upsolve users typically take a total of about 3 hours to provide the information needed to generate their forms.

  • Filing the forms with the court: How long this takes depends on whether you go to the bankruptcy court in person or mail it in. Due to COVID-19, some courts have started accepting forms through electronic means, like sending an email or uploading the documents through a portal.

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What Takes Place Whenever Im Discharged From Personal Bankruptcy

When you finallyve already been entirely discharged from bankruptcy proceeding, you may obtain a legitimate record referred to as a certification of release or the order of Total Discharge. This report claims that the financial obligation has become completely erased, and youre not liable for the obligations noted on the case of bankruptcy program. It will be possible that you could see a conditional discharge, which need particular environment is fulfilled, or a suspended release, which cannot need result until in the future.

Write A Letter Of Explanation

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Your lender takes a careful look at your finances when you apply for a mortgage. Every time a lender issues a mortgage, they take a risk. Lenders need to know that youll make your payments on time every month. Of course, a bankruptcy on your record is a major red flag.

You can increase your chances of getting a mortgage after bankruptcy by writing a letter of explanation. A letter of explanation tells your lender more details about your bankruptcy and why you needed to declare bankruptcy.

You might want to include details on the circumstances that led to your filing and how your financial life has changed since then. Also, explain the steps youve taken to prevent a future bankruptcy as well like paying off debt and building an emergency fund.

A letter of explanation isnt a requirement to get a mortgage after bankruptcy, but it can help your lender see the bigger picture instead of just a set of numbers. Include your letter of explanation with your mortgage application when you request a preapproval.

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Can A Debtor Receive A Second Discharge In A Later Chapter 7 Case

The court will deny a discharge in a later chapter 7 case if the debtor received a discharge under chapter 7 or chapter 11 in a case filed within eight years before the second petition is filed. The court will also deny a chapter 7 discharge if the debtor previously received a discharge in a chapter 12 or chapter 13 case filed within six years before the date of the filing of the second case unless the debtor paid all “allowed unsecured” claims in the earlier case in full, or the debtor made payments under the plan in the earlier case totaling at least 70 percent of the allowed unsecured claims and the debtor’s plan was proposed in good faith and the payments represented the debtor’s best effort. A debtor is ineligible for discharge under chapter 13 if he or she received a prior discharge in a chapter 7, 11, or 12 case filed four years before the current case or in a chapter 13 case filed two years before the current case.

Once You Receive Your New Card

After you receive your new card, pay it off in full each month, if possible, or at the very least, make the minimum payment. This gets reported to the credit bureau and will help establish a positive credit report that will begin to increase your overall credit score. If you are late with a payment or miss a payment altogether, however, that will also be reported to the credit bureau and will negatively affect your credit score.

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What Happens After My Bankruptcy Requirements Are Completed

When you complete all your duties in bankruptcy, you will obtain a type of discharge, which is the official certification of how it was completed.

A record of your bankruptcy will remain on your for several years after your discharge.

Apart from the note of your past bankruptcy, your credit status will be clear. It will be as if you had never had credit. Like a young adult starting independent life, you will have to earn the trust of creditors from the ground up.

How Does Chapter 7 Bankruptcy Work

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A Chapter 7 bankruptcy lets you wipe out qualifying debt without paying into a repayment plan. You’ll learn whether you qualify by passing the means test.

You’ll also get to keep the property you’ll need to maintain your home and job. Things that you can’t protect under your state’s exemption statutes get sold. The proceeds go to repay your creditors.

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What If You Didn’t Receive A Discharge In The First Case

In most situations, you can file again and receive a discharge in the second bankruptcy if you didn’t receive one in the first matter. But that’s not always the case. Also, you lose the full benefits of the automatic staythe order that stops creditors from collectingwhen you file multiple bankruptcies in quick succession.

The court dismissed the first case

  • Unless the court orders otherwise, you can file again. A 180-day waiting period may apply if you failed to obey a court order or appear in the case, or you voluntarily dismissed the case after a creditor filed a motion for relief from the bankruptcy stay.

The court denied your discharge

  • You might be able to file again, but you probably won’t be entitled to a discharge of the debts listed in your first case. This is another unusual circumstance wherein you would be wise to seek the advice of an experienced bankruptcy lawyer.

What Is A Discharge In Bankruptcy

A bankruptcy discharge releases the debtor from personal liability for certain specified types of debts. In other words, the debtor is no longer legally required to pay any debts that are discharged. The discharge is a permanent order prohibiting the creditors of the debtor from taking any form of collection action on discharged debts, including legal action and communications with the debtor, such as telephone calls, letters, and personal contacts.

Although a debtor is not personally liable for discharged debts, a valid lien that has not been avoided in the bankruptcy case will remain after the bankruptcy case. Therefore, a secured creditor may enforce the lien to recover the property secured by the lien.

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Traditional Or Prime Insured Mortgage:

To qualify for a traditional mortgage, which may give you the best rate, you must meet the following requirements:

  • have been discharged from bankruptcy for at least two years and one day
  • have at least one year of re-established credit showing on two credit items usually with a minimum combined credit amount of between $2,500-$3,000
  • have a minimum down payment of 5% for the first $500,000 of your purchase, 10% for any amount over $500,000
  • if your down payment is less then 20% down you must have mortgage insurance available through Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
  • your minimum LTV is 95%
  • your maximum TDS is 44%

How Can The Debtor Obtain Another Copy Of The Discharge Order

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If the debtor loses or misplaces the discharge order, another copy can be obtained by contacting the clerk of the bankruptcy court that entered the order. The clerk will charge a fee for searching the court records and there will be additional fees for making and certifying copies. If the case has been closed and archived there will also be a retrieval fee, and obtaining the copy will take longer.

The discharge order may be available electronically. The PACER system provides the public with electronic access to selected case information through a personal computer located in many clerk’s offices. The debtor can also access PACER. Users must set up an account to acquire access to PACER, and must pay a per-page fee to download and copy documents filed electronically.

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You Will Attend A Meeting Of Creditors

The first thing the trustee will do will be to call a meeting of creditors. This is also called the 341 creditors meeting. During this meeting, the trustee will ask you, under oath, about your assets and debts. Creditors can attend this meeting and ask you questions. But usually, it will be just you and the trustee.

The Trustee May Sell Some Of Your Property

If you filed Chapter 7, the trustee may liquidate some of your non-exempt assets and distribute them to creditors according to the priorities stated in the bankruptcy laws. You will get to keep many of your assets like some household items, your car, and items of clothing. You can learn more about this on our page about bankruptcy exemptions.

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What Happens After Bankruptcy

Once you legally file for bankruptcy, your creditors should no longer phone you or sue you and any existing garnishees are lifted. An appointed Licensed Insolvency Trustee will distribute money to your creditors from your non-exempt assets and surplus income. The bankruptcy process typically lasts between 9 and 21 months.

When Can Your Bankruptcy Be Reopened

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If someone requests that your bankruptcy case be reopened, the court will do so if there is a good reason. But whether or not your bankruptcy will be reopened is at the court’s discretion. In most cases, the court will reopen a closed bankruptcy if:

  • the debtor has additional property or assets that the court must administer
  • the court must give some type of relief to the debtor, or
  • there is another valid reason or cause.

Who can request that your bankruptcy be reopened? In general, you, the bankruptcy trustee, or any other party in interest may ask the court to reopen your bankruptcy case. The basis for reopening a bankruptcy will typically depend on which party is making the request .

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What Happens If I Have Property I Can’t Keep

If you have assets that are not exempt, you’re required to turn those over to the trustee assigned to your case. The trustee’s job is to gather the nonexempt assets, sell them, and distribute the proceeds to your creditors who filed valid proof of claims. If your case is complicated, it can take the trustee months, or in rare cases, even years to track down the property and liquidate it.

The trustee may need your help in gathering the property. You have a duty that continues throughout the case to cooperate with the trustee and the court, or you risk the court revoking your discharge. Failing to cooperate means that you’ll likely experience the worst possible outcome: to lose your nonexempt property and lose almost any benefit that you would gain from the bankruptcy discharge.

Does The Debtor Have The Right To A Discharge Or Can Creditors Object To The Discharge

In chapter 7 cases, the debtor does not have an absolute right to a discharge. An objection to the debtor’s discharge may be filed by a creditor, by the trustee in the case, or by the U.S. trustee. Creditors receive a notice shortly after the case is filed that sets forth much important information, including the deadline for objecting to the discharge. To object to the debtor’s discharge, a creditor must file a complaint in the bankruptcy court before the deadline set out in the notice. Filing a complaint starts a lawsuit referred to in bankruptcy as an “adversary proceeding.”

The court may deny a chapter 7 discharge for any of the reasons described in section 727 of the Bankruptcy Code, including failure to provide requested tax documents failure to complete a course on personal financial management transfer or concealment of property with intent to hinder, delay, or defraud creditors destruction or concealment of books or records perjury and other fraudulent acts failure to account for the loss of assets violation of a court order or an earlier discharge in an earlier case commenced within certain time frames before the date the petition was filed. If the issue of the debtor’s right to a discharge goes to trial, the objecting party has the burden of proving all the facts essential to the objection.

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Bankruptcy Normally Lasts For 3 Years And 1 Day From The Day We Accept Your Bankruptcy Form

Your bankruptcy period starts from the day we accept your bankruptcy application. If a creditor makes you bankrupt, the bankruptcy period starts from the date you file a statement of affairs that we accept. In some cases, your trustee can lodge an objection to extend the bankruptcy for up to eight years.

How Long Will A Bankruptcy Appear On Your Credit Report

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The answer to this depends upon the type of bankruptcy that you filed. And there are two major forms of bankruptcy.

Under a Chapter 13 proceeding, you arrange to repay some or all of your debt under the protection of the bankruptcy court, and generally with a term of not more than five years.

Under a Chapter 7 bankruptcy, your debts will be immediately discharged. Big difference.right?

The credit world makes a distinction between the two as you might imagine.

Under current regulations, a Chapter 13 bankruptcy will remain on your credit report for up to seven years after the date that you file for bankruptcy protection.

A Chapter 7 bankruptcy will remain on your credit report for up to 10 years.

Obviously, youll be better off going with a Chapter 13 bankruptcy, rather than a Chapter 7 if your main goal is to re-establish your credit as quickly as possible.

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The Things That Happen Immediately After Filing Bankruptcy

As soon as you file your Chapter 7 bankruptcy, you are given a case number and a bankruptcy trustee is assigned to your case. The bankruptcy trustee will oversee your bankruptcy filing, will review your bankruptcy forms, and may ask for additional documents to verify your information. The trustee will also conduct the meeting of creditors.

Protection from your creditors begins immediately after filing for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy. This is called the automatic stay. Once you file and the automatic stay takes effect, your creditors are not allowed to take collection action against you.

After you file for bankruptcy protection, your creditors can’t call you, or try to collect payment from you for medical bills, credit card debts, personal loans, unsecured debts, or other types of debt. Wage garnishments must also stop immediately after filing for personal bankruptcy.

How Long Bankruptcy Remains On A Credit Report

Bankruptcies will remain on a credit report for seven to 10 years, depending on if Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 was filed .

  • Chapter 13 bankruptcy is deleted from your credit report seven years from the filing date.
  • Chapter 7 bankruptcy is deleted 10 years from the filing date.

Consumers do not have to contact a credit agency to have their bankruptcy removed. Whether it is a Chapter 7 or 13 bankruptcy, they are automatically removed after seven or 10 years.

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