What This Means For Your Rdsp
The court did not rule that all RDSPs are exempt from seizure. The court made its decision not to release the funds to the trustee based on the facts of this case. It is apparent that this means future cases will be dependent on the Courts ability to exercise its discretion. In the absence of clearer legislative exemptions in the;Bankruptcy & Insolvency Act, Licensed Insolvency Trustees will also likely exercise discretion in whether to seek court direction about the release on any RDSP funds to the estate.
Resources mentioned in this show:
What About Lump Sum Disability Payments
As we said, your Social Security disability check is also exempt from seizure. That means creditors cannot take your disability check even if you received a lump sum payment. Sometimes, beneficiaries get a lump sum because theyre entitled to benefits for the 12 months prior to their application date. Since getting approved may take two years or longer in some instances, these disability check lump-sum distributions are also exempt.
How Can My Disability Benefits Affect My Bankruptcy Filing
Though your Social Security income is protected from the reach of creditors, it can affect your bankruptcy case. Under Chapter 13 bankruptcy, if a person fails to pay their re-payment plan, a trustee can access the Social Security funds and consider it income. Under Chapter 7 bankruptcy, the Social Security income of the person filing is not taken into consideration. However, a median income test is run to determine how a persons income compares with the states median income level for that persons particular household. If the income level is the same or below the states median income level, that person could file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy which discharges debt. However, if they are above the states median income level, they may not qualify for Chapter 7.
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*”$0 Down” means Roemerman Law pays for your filing fees and your required credit counseling courses. You can File Now, Pay Later! It costs you absolutely nothing to get your case filed and we have flexible options for payment after the filing of your case.
We are a debt relief agency. We are attorneys who help people file for bankruptcy relief under the bankruptcy code.
How To File For Bankruptcy
Filing for bankruptcy is a legal process that either reduces, restructures or eliminates your debts. Whether you get that opportunity is up to the bankruptcy court. You can file for bankruptcy on your own, or you can;find a bankruptcy lawyer, which most experts regard as the prudent avenue to pursue.
Bankruptcy costs;include attorney fees and filing fees. If you file on your own, you will still be responsible for filing fees. If you cant afford to hire an attorney, you may have options for free legal services. If you need help finding a lawyer or locating free legal services, check with the American Bar Association for resources and information.
Before you file, you must educate yourself on what happens when you file for bankruptcy. Its not simply a matter of telling a judge Im broke! and throwing yourself at the mercy of the court. There is a process a sometimes confusing, sometimes complicated process that individuals and businesses must follow.
The steps are:
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Protecting Social Security Disability Benefits With Exemptions
When you file for bankruptcy, you don’t give up everything that you own. You’re allowed to keep property that you need for your care and to maintain a home. Both federal and state exemption laws protect Social Security disability benefits, so you’re typically allowed to keep the payments in Chapter 7 bankruptcy.
For instance, the federal law exempts disability benefits received under the Social Security Act, thereby protecting the payments in bankruptcy proceedings . State exemption laws can also protect these assetsand some jurisdictions even exclude disability benefits from the bankruptcy estate altogether, so that the filer doesn’t need to claim them as exempt to keep them.
But in most cases, the exemption isn’t automatic. When filling out your bankruptcy paperwork, you’ll list the benefits as property, as well as the exemption that allows you to keep them. You’ll also need to take additional steps to avoid some pitfalls that could result in you losing benefits.
What If I Have Some Of My Benefits Money Saved
If you have managed to put aside some money from Social Security benefits, then those funds could potentially be at risk in bankruptcy, although that is not always the case. If you have not comingled your benefit amount with other sources of income, then you can argue persuasively that those funds should not be touched. On the other hand, if you mixed your benefits with other sources of income, such as wages and gifts, then it is possible the bankruptcy trustee will determine that it is impossible to determine what amount is derived from Social Security benefits.
The same is true of Social Security lump-sum payments, for example retroactive benefit payments for your disability claim. It is therefore important to always keep your benefits and your income separate. Consult an attorney promptly if you have any questions at all on this issue.
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Take Bankruptcy Course 2
After filing your bankruptcy forms, you will need to complete a Debtor Education Course from an approved credit counseling agency. It can be completed online or by phone and typically takes at least 2 hours and costs between $10 – $50, unless youâre eligible for a waiver.
The purpose of the course is to educate you on making smart financial decisions going forward but does not provide legal advice about the bankruptcy process. Youâll learn how to prepare a budget and avoid incurring debt with high interest rates.
Youâre not eligible to receive your bankruptcy discharge and obtain a fresh start if you donât complete the course and file your certificate of completion from the credit counseling agency with the court.
Bankruptcy Does Cost But Whats Your Alternative
You are correct; it does cost money to go bankrupt, for two reasons.
First, there is a small cost to cover the administration of your bankruptcy. This includes filing fees and the a small amount to cover your trustees time, staff and office expenses.
Second, although trustees do not work for the government, we are required to follow government rules, and one of the rules concerns surplus income. Government guidelines around how much you pay during your bankruptcy are based on a principle that says that the more money you make, the more you are required to pay while you are bankrupt. Put another way, the more you make, the more you are required to contribute to your creditors.;If your income is below a certain;;you will not be required to make any surplus income payments.
Your question does raise an interesting point: if you have no money, how can you go bankrupt? The answer depends on why you have no money.
If you have no money because all of your money is going to pay your credit cards, bank loans, payday loans and other debts, a bankruptcy will eliminate those payments.;If you do not have any surplus income and you have no assets, the cost of your bankruptcy will be fairly low and will likely be much less than you are paying today to keep ahead of your creditors.
The cost of bankruptcy depends on many factors, so we suggest you meet with a licensed bankruptcy trustee for a to review the costs in your specific case before you decide to file bankruptcy.
Find Out How Bankruptcy Affects Ssdi Ssi And State Disability Benefits
by: Baran Bulkat, Attorney
If you are receiving disability payments, your benefits may be considered an asset in bankruptcy. In most cases, disability benefits are protected in bankruptcy through state and federal exemptions. But there are exceptions. How your disability benefits will affect your bankruptcy depends on:
- whether you file for Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy
- whether your benefits are through Social Security Disability Insurance , Supplemental Security Income , or a state, private, or other program
- whether you receive ongoing payments or a lump sum payment for past benefits, and
- the exemption laws of your state.
How Tennessee’s Bankruptcy Exemptions Work
You can protect property covered by an exemption regardless of whether you file for Chapter 7 or 13. But each chapter treats nonexempt propertythings not covered by an exemptiondifferently.
- In Chapter 7 bankruptcy, the bankruptcy trustee sells nonexempt property and distributes the proceeds to creditors.
- In Chapter 13 bankruptcy, you keep everything you own. However, you must pay the value of the nonexempt property equity in your repayment plan, or your disposable income, whichever is more.
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Alternatives To Chapter 7
Debtors should be aware that there are several alternatives to chapter 7 relief. For example, debtors who are engaged in business, including corporations, partnerships, and sole proprietorships, may prefer to remain in business and avoid liquidation. Such debtors should consider filing a petition under chapter 11 of the Bankruptcy Code. Under chapter 11, the debtor may seek an adjustment of debts, either by reducing the debt or by extending the time for repayment, or may seek a more comprehensive reorganization. Sole proprietorships may also be eligible for relief under chapter 13 of the Bankruptcy Code.
In addition, individual debtors who have regular income may seek an adjustment of debts under chapter 13 of the Bankruptcy Code. A particular advantage of chapter 13 is that it provides individual debtors with an opportunity to save their homes from foreclosure by allowing them to “catch up” past due payments through a payment plan. Moreover, the court may dismiss a chapter 7 case filed by an individual whose debts are primarily consumer rather than business debts if the court finds that the granting of relief would be an abuse of chapter 7. 11 U.S.C. §;707.
Debtors should also be aware that out-of-court agreements with creditors or debt counseling services may provide an alternative to a bankruptcy filing.
Consider Other Options Before Bankruptcy
Obtaining a bankruptcy discharge of your student loans is not easy, and fortunately there are other steps desperate borrowers can take before making this last-ditch effort.
“In proceedings where clients of ours have tried , if they can’t prove that they have no hope of paying back the debt, then the Department of Education usually responds by telling the borrower to enroll in an income-based repayment plan,” Hornsby explains.
Federal income-driven repayment plans recalculate your monthly bill based on any changes in your income. Your monthly student loan payment is therefore reflective of how much you can afford to pay.
Hornsby suggests income-driven repayment plans such as Pay As You Earn and Revised Pay As You Earn . With these programs, your credit score won’t be ruined like it would in bankruptcy proceedings, plus you’ll only need to pay 10% of your discretionary income. After the repayment period ends, any remaining balance is forgiven.
If your monthly payment is just too high, consider refinancing your student loans. Through refinancing, you can both score a lower interest rate and extend your loan term so that your monthly payments are lower. Though this means more months, or years, of interest collecting, it can help you in the immediate term if you are tight on cash.
How To File Bankruptcy Online Without A Lawyer
6:26Dont let attorney fees keep you from the fresh start you need. Learn how to file bankruptcy without a lawyer Jun 8, 2020 · Uploaded by Lets Talk Money! with Joseph Hogue, CFA
What To Do Before Filing Bankruptcy. Do contact an Ohio bankruptcy lawyer as soon as you think youre in trouble. Meeting with an attorney to discuss your;
Experienced attorneys helping South Carolina residents with Chapter 7 Many people who are in debt and seeking to file for bankruptcy without an attorney;
How to File for Bankruptcy While it is possible to file without one, seeking the advice of a qualified attorney is strongly recommended because;
Can I file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy without a lawyer? Can I file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy without a lawyer? How do I file a bankruptcy case by;
Learn when to choose online bankruptcy and how to file. Yes, you can go through the paperwork and court process yourself, without an attorney.
Our Skilled Forth Worth Bankruptcy Attorneys Have Answers You Need · Can I file for bankruptcy without an attorney? · Should I file under Chapter 7 or Chapter 13?
Apr 1, 2018 The bankruptcy law significantly changed in 2005, making it more difficult to file for bankruptcy protection. Although you are not legally;
Bankruptcy is complicated. Filing without a lawyer is risky. You can lose property and money. You can go to jail if you do not tell the truth.
Ongoing Social Security Disability Payments
Most bankruptcy and Social Security laws prevent your disability benefits from being taken by the Chapter 7 trustee thus allowing you to continue receiving your benefits. This is the most typical scenario because most people depend on that money to pay the bills and support their families since they cannot work. Most states and the federal government have put into place exemptions to protect these benefits.
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Consult With A Bankruptcy Lawyer
If you’re concerned about losing your disability funds, you’ll want to meet with a knowledgeable bankruptcy attorney. You’ll likely learn whether:
- your funds are protected fully by a federal exemption
- your state has an exemption that will protect disability payments
- your state has another exemption that will cover your funds , or
- you can protect the funds in another way.
Who Declares Bankruptcy
Most individuals and business who file for bankruptcy have far more debts than money to cover them and dont see that changing anytime soon. In 2020, bankruptcy filers owed $86 billion and had assets of $56 billion. Most of those assets were real estate holdings, whose value is debatable.
On the other hand, bankruptcy can often be used as a financial planning tool when you do have enough money to repay debts, but need to restructure the terms. This is often in cases when people need to repay mortgage arrears or taxes in a structured repayment plan.
What is surprising is that individuals not businesses are the ones most often filing for bankruptcy. They owe money for a mortgage, credit card debt, auto loan or student loan perhaps all four! and dont have the income to pay for it.
There were 774,940 bankruptcy cases filed in 2019, and 97% of them were filed by individuals. Only 22,780 bankruptcy cases were filed by businesses in 2019.
The other surprise is that most of the people filing bankruptcy were not particularly wealthy. The median income for those who filed Chapter 7, was just $31,284. Chapter 13 filers werent much better with a median income of $41,532.
However, in the end, there is a price to pay and youll pay it for 7-10 years.
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What Is The Difference
If you choose the Minnesota list:
- Private disability insurance payments are exempt in bankruptcy, and;you will not have to turn over the payments to your creditors
If you choose the federal list however:
- Payments from a private disability insurance policy are only exempt to the extent reasonably necessary for the support of the debtor and any dependent of the debtor.
Under law 11 U.S.C. Section 522;a court could decide that private disability insurance payments are more than is necessary for your support, and order you to turn over some or all of them to your creditors.
When You Can Use Tennessee Bankruptcy Exemptions
You can file for bankruptcy in Tennessee after living there for more than 180 days. However, you must live in Tennessee much longer before using Tennessee exemptionsat least 730 days before filing, to be exact. Otherwise, you’d use the previous state’s exemptions.
But suppose you weren’t living in any particular state during the two years before filing for bankruptcy. In that case, you’d use the exemptions of the state you lived in for most of the 180 days before the two-year period that immediately preceded your filing. .) Learn more about filing for bankruptcy after moving to a new state.
Also, to claim the total value of the Tennessee homestead exemption, you must have purchased and owned the property for at least 1,215 days before the bankruptcy filing. If you can’t meet this requirement, your homestead exemption is limited by federal law to $170,350 .
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